Africa is the second-largest continent in the world, covering 30 million square kilometres. It is strategically situated between Europe and Asia, and is home to the Sahara Desert – the largest desert in the world at 9.4 million square kilometres – which is bigger than the USA.
Africa is made up of 54 countries, with a population of around 1.3 billion people in total. While Swahili is the most spoken language in the region, there are more than 2,000 languages spoken across the continent. What’s more, there are more than 3,000 different ethnic groups and tribes practising a wide range of religions, including Christianity, Islam, Judaism and Hinduism, as well as traditional religions specific to ethnic groups.
This culturally diverse and beautiful continent has an abundance of natural resources, while its economy predominantly consists of trade, industry, agriculture, manufacturing, tourism and subsistence farming. Nigeria has the biggest economy in Africa, which is largely attributed to its rapidly-expanding financial sector. The city of Lagos has a growing tech hub, while many large enterprises are located here, particularly in communications, power and transportation.